Pinene and entourage effects
The entourage effect occurs when two or more compounds combine to produce a stronger effect than either one could achieve on its own. This effect can be seen with the most abundant terpene pinene, which is found in both alpha and beta varieties. When combined, these two forms of cannabinoid compounds work together to create a powerful anti-inflammatory agent that has been found to reduce pain and swelling. Pinene also has antimicrobial properties, so it can help protect against bacterial infections. Additionally, the combination of pinene's painkilling and mood-elevating effects can produce an overall feeling of relaxation and well-being. Research suggests that the entourage effect may even help treat some forms of cancer in addition to other beneficial health effects.
Pinene has been found to work well with other terpenes, creating a potential cannabis synergy when pinene pairs with limonene and myrcene. Limonene helps improve mood and can provide relief from anxiety, while myrcene is known for its strong analgesic properties. Pinene can also enhance the effects of terpene linalool, which is known for its calming and soothing effects — making it great for aiding sleep or reducing stress levels. Finally, pinene works well with caryophyllene, an analgesic that has been shown to be effective in treating certain types of pain. Together, these terpenes create an "entourage effect," where their individual effects are amplified when combined.